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Biologics manufacturing by high-density microbial fermentation has advantages of development speed, low cost, and scalability.

KBI's approach is the best fit when selecting E. coli as the preferred host for expression of non-glycosylated proteins, including both soluble and insoluble product accumulation including downstream capture, host-cell impurity clearance, and, where necessary, controlled and scalable refolding. KBI also has experience with various non-E. Coli bacterial hosts such as Pseudomonas-based and third-party proprietary expression systems.

In cases of insoluble protein accumulation in inclusion bodies (IBs), KBI develops high-yielding recovery processes with analytical characterization of conversion to an active product by solubilization and refolding techniques. KBI's unique expertise in this area has enabled the use of microbial hosts for the expression of several known "difficult-to-refold" products at a favorable scale and cost.

KBI applies proven, well-characterized microbial recombinant protein expression systems to provide state-of-the-art, early-stage/preclinical through cGMP services, including:


Off-the-shelf and engineered E. coli strain evaluations: 

  • Arabinose, rhamnose, phosphate depletion, and IPTG-inducible gene promoters
  • Removable leader sequences for localizing proteins, increasing expression, or editing the amino-terminus
  • Soluble protein accumulation
  • Insoluble protein / inclusion bodies (IB) accumulation
  • Periplasmic protein accumulation
  • Gene and codon optimization of the expression plasmids
  • High throughput cell line selection based on fermentation performance, product yield, and product quality
  • Options to integrate early analytical characterization into the clone selection process, e.g., state-of-the-art mass spectrometry
  • Understanding of business and science-driven objectives related to the expression platform choice, e.g., product quality, IP status, and licensing terms
  • Implementing ICH Q5D and ICH Q5B guidelines

Proof-of-concept (POC) screening and early-stage material generation

  • Preclinical programs designed to meet the client's timeline and budgetary objectives
  • Cell line development activities can be performed as stand-alone services or integrated into larger-scope POC or scalable process development programs.
  • Selected cell line(s) generate Research Cell Banks (RCBs) that are the foundation for further development and scale-up.

Full scope process development 

  • Master Cell Bank (MCB) generation, testing, and characterization are outsourced to established, qualified, and quality-audited third-party vendors.
  • High-throughput high-density fermentation optimization
  • Scalable harvest and recovery process optimization
  • Downstream chromatography screening and optimization of orthogonal purification strategies
  • Pilot-scale confirmation and GLP-enabling material generation

cGMP manufacturing, PPQ, and Commercialization 

  • 300L single-use fermentation and 2000L stainless steel fermentation scale options
  • Existing open capacity with US-based expansion planned for near future
  • PPQ expertise to prepare your product for a successful commercial launch
  • Facility with existing commercially licensed products with favorable inspection outcomes
  • Fully staffed quality and regulatory departments providing inspection-ready status at any time
  • Access to real-time data trends and highly qualified Manufacturing Sciences staff to ensure the process runs smoothly while in the plant
  • May provide a PiP (person-in-plant) during at-scale production


E. coli

expression systems

Protein Refolding

scalable processes for “difficult-to-refold” products

High-Density Fermentation

rapid biomass production cycle timesscalable to 300L-2,000L scale 



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